Are you sometimes got confused between the high court and various other courts in Chandigarh? Or Sometimes you wonder why there are so many courts in Chandigarh and what kind of cases they handle. If your answer to the above question is yes then, don’t worry you are not alone in this confusion. There are so many people like you, who are not sure about these facts and have any knowledge about it. To help all those people I am writing this article. In this article, I will briefly discuss the high court in Chandigarh and various other courts in Chandigarh, their location and the case they handle.
Further, I have used simple language not to make it complicated but easily understandable and comprehensible. I can guarantee you that after reading this article you will not be confused about various courts. Not only this but you will also develop an overall understanding of the judicial system of INDIA. Because I will also be discussing a lit bit about the judicial system in INDIA.
JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN INDIA
The judicial system in INDIA follows a hierarchical structure: the supreme court is the apex court, high court, district and session and court, lok adalat, village court, tribunal and appellate tribunal. Chandigarh is a union territory. Serving as the capital of two adjoining states, Punjab and Haryana. city hosting various govt, institutions. Institutions like Punjab and Haryana high court in Chandigarh sec 1, district and session court, permanent lok adalat, and tribunals.
Courts in Chandigarh
Punjab Haryana high court sec 1 capitol complex chandigarh
District and session court sec 43 ISBT road
District Court sec 17
HIGH COURT OF PUNJAB AND HARYANA, SECTOR 1 CHANDIGARH
Punjab and Haryana High Court is the common High Court for the 2 adjoining states of INDIA, Punjab and Haryana and the Union Territory of Chandigarh. High Courts are the highest judicial institution at the State level. HIGH COURTS are constitutional courts and directly derive their power from the constitution of India. The President of India appoint Judges of the high court. At present Punjab Haryana High Court Chandigarh has both permanent judges and additional judges. Punjab and Haryana High Court is working since, 1966. The Building of this high court is spacious and luxuriously furnished with courtrooms, Bar rooms, a well-equipped Judge’s library, a well-equipped medical room and a very good canteen.
HISTORY OF PUNJAB HARYANA HIGH COURT
Earlier there was no Punjab Haryana court there was Lahore high court established in 1919. Undivided Punjab and Delhi used to be under this high court’s jurisdiction. After partition, the formerly known province of Punjab was divided into West Punjab and East Punjab. West Punjab eventually become Pakistan and east Punjab remain part of India. Further, the High Court of Lahore being in Pakistan, automatically ceased to have jurisdiction over Delhi and East Punjab territory. Afterwards, the question of the new location for the newly formed High Court for these states arose. Accordingly, SHIMLA was declared as a new seat and location for Punjab Haryana high court. Further, due to Shimla’s freezing winter, it was very inconvenient for the litigants to go to Shimla.
On Jan 1955, The Court started its functioning at the Chandigarh location and from its present building. Further, the union territory of Delhi had its separate high courts in 1966.
DISTRICT AND SESSION COURT, CHANDIGARH PUNJAB
Location: New District Court Complex, 43 Bus Stand Road, opposite. ISBT 43, Sector 43, Chandigarh, 160043
This district court is not a single court, but it is District Courts Complex. The building of the complex is 4 storeyed having 31 Court Rooms. District Courts, came into existence on date 01.11.1966. Formerly, only 20 Courts were functioning in District Court Complex, including Sector-17, Chandigarh Court. Further, the present strength of the Courts in the court complex is 30.
DISTRICT COURT SEC 17 CHANDIGARH
In 2013, the District Court of SEC 17 gets shifted to the new District Court complex sec 43 Chandigarh. Sector 17 court building will house the record room and all the administrative branches of the Punjab and Haryana High Court.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DISTRICT AND SESSION COURT
The State Government in India has the power to establish the District Courts in every district by considering the number of cases and population in particular districts. District judges preside over the District Courts in India. District and session courts are under administrative and judicial control of the High Court of the State. In Chandigarh, district and session, courts are administered by Punjab Haryana high court. The District Court is the highest Civil Court in a district.
Under the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 (CrPC), whenever, District Court exercises its jurisdiction in a criminal case then, it is known as a sessions court. The high court of a particular state appoints a session judge. The session court serves as the lowest court of appeal in the hierarchy of the Criminal Court. where the judge conducted the trial. A certain section of CrPC empowers the State Government to establish a Session Court. Session Court deals with cases related to theft, murders, dacoity etc. Additionally, for criminal offences, Session Court can impose fines and provide a death sentence.
VIRTUAL COURT or E-COURT
virtual court(e-COURT) refers to a court that conducts its proceedings primarily through digital or online platforms. It is a concept that gained prominence with the advancement of INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ICT. Further, Virtual courts utilize video conferencing and other online tools to facilitate various legal processes, such as hearings, trials, case management, and documentation. Additionally, virtual courts also aim to provide convenience and flexibility to litigants, lawyers, and judges, while also reducing the need for physical presence in the courtroom. In addition to this, E-courts can also help expedite the legal process and address issues related to geographic distances and logistical challenges. Currently, the virtual courts are in INDIA ONLY handling cases related to traffic challan.